7 Categories of Crane Inspection you should know

7 Categories of Crane Inspection you should know

7 Categories of Crane Inspection you should know

Cranes used in active service ought to be inspected quarterly. For cranes in traditional and serious service, a Periodic review ought to embody checking for: distorted, cracked or unsound members. Loose bolts or rivets. Cracked or worn sheaves and drums.

According to codes, standards, legal requirement, and industry best practices, the following inspections may be applicable:

  1. First Inspection
  2. Daily Inspection
  • Frequent Inspection
  1. Periodic Inspection
  2. Exceptional Inspection
  3. Major Inspection


  1. First Inspection

The first inspection is required following the installation/commissioning of a new crane or where an existing crane has been relocated and installed in a new location.

NOTE   Crane inspection carried out by a Competent Person/Lifting Equipment Examiner

  1. Daily Inspection

This inspection (shall include function tests of the cranes’ safety devices) is required before the commencement of each lifting operation. This inspection is done for corrections of maladjustments, correction of deterioration or leakages in lines, valves and other part of the machine.

NOTE   Crane inspection carried out by crane operator.

 Lifting Equipment Inspectors

  1. Frequent Inspection

This inspection frequency shall be based on the age of the crane, frequency, and severity of use while in service. It shall also align with the manufacturer’s routine maintenance regime or other maintenance routine established by the duty holder at no more than three-monthly intervals and shall include every aspect of functional/daily test inspection.

NOTE   Crane inspection carried out by crane maintainer/operator

  1. Periodic Inspection

This program of crane periodic inspection shall be based on the frequency of use and the working environment. For all cranes that remains in service, inspection interval shall not exceed 12 months. Where the crane is designed and certified for lifting persons, inspection interval shall not exceed 6 months.

NOTE   Crane inspection carried out by a Competent Person/Lifting Equipment Examiner with a written report of thorough examination issued.

Lifting Equipment Examiner

  1. Exceptional Inspection.

Exceptional inspection shall be performed following exceptional circumstances:

  1. Circumstances which may have resulted in damage to the crane such as –
    1. Extreme weather
    2. Overload
  • Collision with other structures.
  1. Following a repair or major modification of critical components such as –
    1. Mechanical – hoisting and slewing brake systems
    2. Structural – boom section, foot pins, fasteners, pedestal
    3. Rigging – hook blocks.

NOTE   Crane inspection carried out by crane maintainer/competent engineer/inspector

Lifting Equipment Inspection

  1. Major Inspection

Crane inspection shall be performed where:

  1. Crane is approaching its designed duty or where there is a requirement for ageing and life extension of the crane.
  2. Where crane is to be re-commissioned or imported and where records of maintenance and inspections are not available.

This inspection shall focus on a detailed examination of all safety critical components identified by the manufacturer or operator’s maintenance strategy document and where necessary, the crane shall be stripped down to allow a complete and thorough inspection.

NOTE Crane inspection carried out by an expert examiner.


The Solution

Due to the challenges of crane inspection and most of all, the result of not keeping to the inspection requirements, it is extremely vital that attention is given to the selection of a Competent Person/Authority and that the qualification, experience and track record of the provider is considered.


At JC International, crane inspections are performed by experienced and qualified crane inspectors with sufficient skill and knowledge in the field of cranes and familiar also with relevant codes, standards, and regulations.

Our focus is to provide a world-class service to ensure that our clients as duty holders, can use their cranes safely and cost-effectively whilst also demonstrating compliance with national and international regulations.


Kindly call 0805 659 9659 for more details or  Learn More about our Professional Crane Inspection Services


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  • Kristofer Van Wagner
    November 10, 2021, 5:26 pm REPLY

    I am grateful that this post shared that when conducting crane inspections, it is important that we ensure that it routinely undergoes all of the mandatory inspection to ensure it can operate efficiently. The other day my brother mentioned that he is looking to have a crane rented as he is looking to have swimming built. I will definitely remind my brother to look at the maintenance to ensure that it is safe to be operated.

  • Mia Evans
    November 16, 2021, 10:59 am REPLY

    Thanks for pointing out that an inspection should be done to ensure that all the adjustments needed and corrections are fixed before the crane operator specialist uses them. I can imagine how important is that to ensure that the project will progress safely. It will give the owner of the property peace of mind that they will not be liable for any accidents and will keep the worker safe as well to prevent them from having injuries.

  • Overhead Crane Training
    November 17, 2021, 3:29 pm REPLY

    This was a wonderful article. Inspections are crucial for crane safety and keeping the risks levels at a minimal. I appreciate your time to make this. Thank you.

  • John Carston
    November 27, 2021, 12:08 am REPLY

    It helped when you mentioned that it is important to have an inspection before every lifting operation. My uncle mentioned to me last night that he and his friend are looking to hire a crane for their business job site and asked if I have any idea what is the best option to do. Thanks to this informative article and I’ll be sure to tell him that they can consult a trusted crane hire service as they can answer all their inquiries and will provide the help they need.

  • Kristofer Van Wagner
    December 10, 2021, 4:50 am REPLY

    I appreciate that this post reminded us that when looking for hydraulic cranes, it is important to ensure it is properly serviced. In doing so, we can be certain that it will operate seamlessly. I will definitely keep this information in mind when I look to have a crane rented.

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